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How to Prevent Gout Attacks During CNY Holidays

Gout is a disease caused by excessive uric acid levels in the blood leading to the deposit of uric acid crystals in the joints. It can occur in all ages, and the incidence is higher in men than in women. Patients with gout often have sudden joint pain at night, the onset of acute, joint pain, edema, redness and inflammation, pain slowly reduce until disappear, lasting several days or weeks.

The incidence of gout is closely related to hyperuricemia. Human tissue itself contains purine substances, purines are also essential substances for the body and participate in cellular metabolism and other processes. In addition, many foods also contain purines, the body and food purines are broken down to produce uric acid, too much uric acid is easy to cause gout. Through a reasonable diet, avoiding excessive intake of purines is also one of the important means to prevent gout attacks.


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Guidelines for purine content in food


1.Low Purine Foods

Purine content: 0~25 mg purine /100 g food


【 Vegetable 】Cabbage, lettuce, amaranth, cabbage, snow red, leek, leek, cauliflower, gourd, celery, mustard leaves, carrot, radish, eggplant, green pepper, onion, tomato, fungus, bean sprouts, dried radish.

【 Egg 】Egg, duck egg, preserved egg.

【 Aquatic products 】Sea cucumber, jellyfish skin.

【 Staple food 】Rice, white rice, glutinous rice, wheat, oats, cereal, flour, noodles, macaroni, corn, millet, potato, sorghum, sweet potato, water chestnuts, coix seed.Coarse and fine collocation, mainly fine grain, coarse grain amount, better nutrition balance. It is best to choose non-fermented pasta, such as noodles, pancakes, etc.

【 Fruit 】Orange, orange, lemon, grape, apple, guava, star fruit, mango, mastic melon, papaya, loquat, peach, plum, watermelon, tomato, banana, red date, black date, pear.


2. Medium Purine Foods

Purine content: 25~150 mg purine /100 g food


【Beans and their products:】Dried bean curd, tofu, soy milk, soy milk, mung bean, red bean, pinto bean, black bean. 

【 Others 】 Raisins, dried longan, soy sauce, scallions, white fungus.


3.High Purine Foods

Purine content: 150-1000 mg purine /100 g food

【 Beans and their products 】 Soybeans 

【 Meat 】Chicken liver, chicken intestines, pig intestines, pig intestines, pig liver, duck liver, ox liver. Gravy and mince are high in purines.

【 Aquatic products 】White pomfret, sole, white hairtail, mullet, moray eel and other sea fish, shrimp, oysters, clams, clams, scallops, shrimp and other seafood.

【 Vegetable 】Dried seaweed, dried shiitake mushrooms.

【 Other 】Yeast powder. All kinds of alcohol (especially beer), honey.


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Patients with gout need to pay attention to their diet


• Eat more vegetables

Vitamin C, plant compounds, and antioxidants in fruits and vegetables all help control blood uric acid levels. Therefore, the daily diet of gout patients should contain 300 to 500 grams of vegetables, while paying attention to the supplement of fruits, nuts, legumes, low-fat dairy products and whole grains.


• Eat less fruit

Fructose metabolism inhibits the excretion of uric acid and increases the level of uric acid in the blood. For gout patients, it is best to consume less fructose, in addition to not drinking sweet drinks, but also be careful to avoid eating too much fruit (fruit contains fructose). If not in the acute phase, eat 1 or 2 fists of fruit a day is enough; If you are in the acute phase of a gout attack, be careful not to eat fruit.


• Eat soy products as appropriate

With regard to soy products, the latest guidelines are neither recommended nor restricted. Because the different processing methods of soy products will have a great impact on its purine content. In general, if you are not in the acute phase of gout, eat lentils, beans, peas, red beans, mung beans, peas, and bean curd, tofu and other bean products, the impact on uric acid will not be too great. However, for friends who are not well controlled in uric acid, especially those in the acute phase of gout, it is best to eat less or no soy products.


• Protein supplement

Milk and eggs are more friendly foods for gout patients, even in the acute phase of gout, you can also eat. During the period when you can't eat meat, it is a good choice to use these two foods to supplement the protein your body needs.

• Eat less broth, offal, and seafood

Broth is not recommended because of its high purine content, especially during gout attacks. At the same time, it is also necessary to control the intake of various animal organs such as liver and kidney. Other fish, such as anchovies, sardines, shellfish, etc. have a very high purine content, so try to reduce the frequency and intake.